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This discussion task is designed to help you analyze some research studies on the topic on which you will be writing WA #3.
To complete this task, you find three articles through UMUC’s OneSearch that report on research studies. Many scholarly articles are actually reports of the findings of a research study. For this reason it should not be difficult to find three such articles. For example, if your topic is teleworking (which is a very general topic), you could easily find three studies on teleworking. If your topic is white-collar crime, you could find three studies on the very general topic of white-collar crime.
After you find your three articles, please read over the three articles and complete the following for each one:
- list the source in APA format
- list key terms in the article
- describe the focus of the study
- describe the methodology the author used
- summarize the study’s findings
- write your reflections on the article itself. Comment on whether you found the study difficult to interpret, whether you understood the methodology, or other items that might be of interest to your fellow classmates.
This task will help you become more familiar with finding research studies on your topic, reading them over, gleaning the main points of them, and summarizing their findings. These skills will be helpful as you continue to research for WA#3.
Here are lots of resources to help students understand the Literature Review. Please browse these resources and then complete the discussion post below.
- the article by Ted Zorn and Nittaya Campbell, “Improving the Writing of Literature Reviews through Literature Integration Exercise” — this article is available in the e-reserves section of this class. To access the article, please take the following steps:
- click Content
- select Class Resources
- select eReserves
- select the icon for eReserves in the middle of your page.
- in the list of items that appears, locate this article and download it.
- the tutorial from The University of North Carolina on writing literature reviews. It is linked to at the top of the Content for this week.
- the tutorial from UMUC’s Effective Writing Center on writing the literature review. It is linked to at the top of the Content for this week.
After reviewing the material on the Literature Review posted above, please return to your annotated bibliography and begin developing”categories” to help you to organize your sources. Post one category below and list several sources that might fill that category. Remember that some sources may fall into more than one category. Please feel free to post questions or concerns because your instructor wants to help you.
You can use a “ Spider Diagram” to help you to structure your discussion of sources in The Literature Review as well as to brainstorm the niches and gaps in the research literature. A spider diagram is a visual tool usually used for planning your writing. However, you can also use it for evaluating and thinking about a topic in detail.
Print out your Literature Review notes and grab a blank piece of paper.
For more information on the Spider Diagram, please visit the link at the top of this week’s Content, Spider Diagrams: How and Why They Work.
- Write your idea/title/topic/thesis in the center of a piece of paper. Draw a circle around it. For the purposes of this exercise, you will use the topic of your Literature Review.
- Draw a “leg” from the central “body” of your Literature Review topic towards the top right hand corner of the page. Label this “leg” with the first topic/category that you dealt with in your Review.
- Add more legs moving clockwise around the page until all the sections have been included, with the final one being somewhere near the top left of the page.
- Now divide each “leg” up into smaller “legs” with all the points that you made in each section. (Again work clockwise from the top left so that the sequence of ideas is maintained).
- Finally, please be sure that one section is devoted to identifying any gaps or niches in the research literature in your synthesis of sources essay (literature review), or WA#3.
- You may have to redraw your spider diagram several times until you find a structure that works for you. Make sure that you find a proposal structure that suits the needs of your Niches and Gaps paper. Please post your spider diagram below.
- Respond to this discussion topic with one paragraph describing how this task might have helped you or why it did not help you in organizing your thoughts for WA#3.
- This week , you are reading four movie reviews of the movie Steve Jobs. The reviews are from Ann Hornaday, Rex Reed, Benjamin Lee, and Anthony Lane.
- After perusing the four movie reviews, please complete the following tasks:The four reviewers do not agree on their evaluation of the acting in the film.1. First, analyze all four reviewers and, for each reviewer, write at least one summary sentence describing what the review says about the acting in the film. In addition, for each reviewer, quote the reviewer at least one time to demonstrate the sentiment he or she expresses about the acting.Ann Hornaday-Summary statement:Quote from this reviewer to support the summary statement:Rex Reed-Summary statement:Quote from this reviewer to support the summary statement:Benjamin Lee-Summary statement:Quote from this reviewer to support the summary statement:Anthony Lane -Summary statement:Quote from this reviewer to support the summary statement:2. Then, write three or four short paragraphs that synthesize all four reviewers and the points they make on the acting in the film. Remember, when synthesizing, you don’t simply list what each author says about the topic. You write about the issue of acting in the film and integrate the points of all four reviewers into that analysis.You could group authors into categories, if possible. For example, consider the reviewers that tend to praise the acting and write about them in a paragraph or two. Then consider the reviewers that did not like the acting and write about them in a paragraph or two. Following this analysis, you might write a concluding paragraph that summarizes all four reviewers’ views on the acting.
This discussion thread is designed to help you see how a synthesis of sources essay, or literature review, is organized.
Please download the article, “Beyond Frequency: Perceived Realism and the CSI Effect,” by Evelyn Maeder and Richard Corbett. The article is available in the e-reserves of your class.
On pages 84-85, the authors provide an introduction to the research study they conducted. You can read this section if you would like to. However, for this discussion thread, please read from page 85 “(“The CSI effect defined”) to page 94 (up to the section entitled “Method”).
Then answer the following questions:
1. In the first section (“The CSI effect defined”), do the authors ever give you their opinion on the CSI effect? How do they support their definition and their expansion on the definition? How many different sources do they cite in this section?
2. From pages 86-88, the authors discuss lawyers, police officers, judges, and community members. In this section, do the authors ever give you their opinion on any of the issues discussed?
3. Examine the section entitled “Verdicts” (pp. 90-92). How do the results from the study by Shelton et al. differ from the results of the study by Kim, Barak, and Shelton? How do the results of the study by Baskin and Sommers differ from the results of other studies?
4. As a result of having read this article, please write a few sentences about what you might have learned about a) synthesizing sources or b) the CSI effect.
This discussion thread is designed to further help you see how a synthesis of sources essay, or literature review, is organized.
Please download the sample literature from the 100-level psychology class.
Please note that this literature review is more informal than the one on the CSI effect by Maeder and Corbett that you read last week. You will notice a level of informality in its tone and language. In addition, it is not perfect in its synthesis of sources. Moreover, the author cites only six sources throughout the review. Overall, this is a literature review written for a 100-level class. Please keep in mind that you literature review might not be as sophisticated as the one by Maeder and Corbett. Nonetheless, it provides a helpful demonstration of how one can analyze studies, synthesize sources, and divide a review into categories.
Please answer the following questions:
1. In the introduction, what is the thesis statement for this paper?
2. In the section entitled “Influence of Mood on Eating Behavior,” does the writer ever give her own opinion? If you think so, point out where she does.
In this section, the author mentions limits to the study by Oliver and Wardle. What are the limits of this study, according to the writer?
3. Throughout the paper, does the author ever advocate for programs or other steps to be taken for the problem she describes in the paper?
4. In the section “Influence of Eating Behavior on Later Moods,” the writer cites only one source. If you were to give her advice on this section, what advice might you give her to help her develop it more effectively? Feel free to search in the library databases for articles on this topic or to suggest key words for her to search on.
5. As a result of having read this article, please write a few sentences about what you might have learned about synthesizing sources.
We are now in our final week of class. This discussion thread is designed to help you focus your thoughts for WA #4 and to share your points with your fellow classmates.
As you prepare to write WA #4, the short essay describing gaps and unanswered questions, please respond to this thread with the following:
Share you gaps and unanswered questions that you plan to write about for WA #4.
You can write a short paragraph to share your points.
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